According to the American Psychological Association (APA), trauma is “an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster.”  In a similar manner, psychological trauma is a response to an event that you may find highly stressful. You may experience trauma as a response to any event you find physically or emotionally threatening or harmful. In fact, a person also can experience trauma after witnessing a traumatic happening to someone else. With proper trauma treatment, people can address the root cause of the trauma and find constructive ways to manage their symptoms.
The Charity Mind in the United Kingdom made a list of potential causes of trauma including:
- Physical, psychological, or sexual abuse
- Sexual assault
- Traffic collisions
- Life-threatening illnesses
- Sudden loss of a loved one
- Being attacked
- Being kidnapped
- Acts of terrorism
- Natural disasters
Some research estimates that 60–75% of people in North America experience a traumatic event at some point in their life.  Seeing that, trauma can cause a wide range of physical and emotional symptoms in the case of being in a war zone, a natural disaster, or an accident.
Above all, traumatic events can be isolated or repeated events.
It is important during the treatment that we can determine the root cause of your trauma. For instance, childhood trauma can disrupt your normal brain development. And then, trauma can significantly affect your long-term emotional development, mental health, physical health, and behavior. And then, the sense of fear and helplessness may persist into adulthood. As a result, it will place the person at a higher risk of the effects of future trauma.
Symptoms of Trauma for Trauma Treatment
Not everyone who experiences a stressful event will develop trauma. Some people may develop symptoms and will get better after a few weeks, while some may experience long-term effects.
A traumatized person can feel a range of emotions both immediately after the event and in the long term. They may feel overwhelmed, helpless, shocked, or have difficulty processing their experiences. Trauma, in addition, can also cause physical symptoms.
To begin with, if you’re traumatized, you may have emotional outbursts. Consequently, you’ll find it difficult to cope with how you feel, resulting in your withdrawal from others. Additionally, you may experience flashbacks. This is where you relive the traumatic event in your mind, and sometimes in a form of nightmares.
The symptoms of trauma range from mild to severe. A person who has experienced trauma may feel:
- Difficulty concentrating
Along with your emotional reaction, trauma may also cause you physical symptoms, such as:
- Digestive symptoms
- Racing heart
- Feeling jumpy
Sometimes, a person will also experience hyperarousal, or when someone feels as though they are in a constant state of alertness. This may make it difficult to sleep. Individuals may also go on to develop other mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse problems.
Three Main Types of Traumas
- Acute trauma: This results from a single stressful or dangerous event.
- Chronic trauma: This results from repeated and prolonged exposure to highly stressful events. Examples include cases of child abuse, bullying, or domestic violence.
- Complex trauma: This results from exposure to multiple traumatic events.
As a matter of fact, trauma can have long-term effects on the person’s well-being. If symptoms persist and do not decrease in severity, it can indicate that the trauma has developed into a mental health disorder called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD develops when the symptoms of trauma persist or get worse in the weeks and months after the stressful event. This mental disorder is distressing and can interfere with your daily life and relationships. Moreover, PTSD symptoms may include severe anxiety, flashbacks, and persistent memories of the event.
The good news is that several treatments can help people with trauma to cope with their symptoms and improve their life. But, you will need to work with a trauma-informed or trauma-focused therapist to attain effective trauma treatment.
See below some of the effective approaches to trauma:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) – It will help you change your thought patterns to influence your behaviors and emotions. In fact, it is known to be the most effective approach for PTSD.
- Medication – It can help you manage your symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances. However, medication alone cannot cure trauma or PTSD. You should talk to a mental health professional about your medical options. Furthermore, it is especially important to seek help if the trauma symptoms interfere with daily functioning or relationships with others.
- Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, or EMDR: It is another common trauma therapy. EMDR aims to help people process and integrate traumatic memories. Several trials have demonstrated that EMDR is an effective treatment for PTSD.
Substance Abuse Disorder and Trauma Treatment
Most people will experience a traumatic event at some point in their lives. Some may experience symptoms of shock and distress, and most will recover within a short period. Meanwhile, a minority will experience more long-term traumatic effects, such as the development of PTSD. That is when therapy and self-care can help those with persistent trauma symptoms. Certainly, that treatment can manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. Too often, trauma leads to alcoholism or drug abuse.
More often than not, people with mental health disorders either seek clinical medication or self-medicate with drugs and alcohol. People that acquire prescriptions for their condition are less likely to develop abuse disorders, but conversely, often the medications that they get access to have high abuse potential, creating great risk.
We Level Up NJ Treatment Center provides world-class care with round-the-clock medical professionals available to help you cope. All working as a team providing different types of mental illness treatments, including trauma treatment, for successful recovery.
 Trauma – American Psychological Association (APA)
 Trauma Article – National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)