Cocaine Detox, Withdrawal Symptoms, and Treatment
- 1 Cocaine Detox, Withdrawal Symptoms, and Treatment
How To Detox From Cocaine?
Data collected by the CDC indicate that from 12 676 to 14 666 fatalities throughout the nation, the death toll from cocaine overdose significantly surged between 2015 and 2018. Additionally, co-current cocaine and opioid drug use are becoming an increasing concern. In the past five years, a tremendous rise has been seen among drug overdose deaths involving cocaine and opioids or other synthetic narcotics. In 1999, the overall number of overdoses involving cocaine was 3,822, and in 2018 this number hit 14,666. The majority of this rise was seen in just the past couple of years. Getting into a cocaine detox program is the start of the recovery from this
No different from addiction to other addictive substances, the effects can be life-altering. This includes job loss, relationship strains, financial decline, health problems, and mental instability. Increased health problems may include stroke, seizure, heart disease, cardiovascular and respiratory complications. Cocaine use has also been connected to cognitive disorders such as memory loss and decreased attention span. In addition, users who share paraphernalia, especially needles, are at increased risk of contracting infectious diseases like HIV and Hepatitis.
Cocaine intoxication and addiction can compromise judgment and decision-making and potentially lead to risky sexual behavior, including trading sex for drugs and needle sharing. This increases a cocaine user’s risk for contracting infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis C (HCV). There are no vaccines to prevent HIV or HCV infections. 
Cocaine Addiction and Detox
Below are the significant reasons why cocaine harshly affects a user and why it is hard to stop. Despite the euphoria cocaine can bring to an individual, the risks of danger to your health are still more significant.
- Dopamine: The use of cocaine stimulates the production of dopamine, a chemical in the human brain responsible for pleasure. However, too much exposure to this drug will eventually make one want to experience that feeling all over. Hence the brain will prompt the need for the trigger.
- Corticosterone Hormone: The stress hormone in the body makes the body vulnerable to addiction. Studies have found that when an individual who is stressed up uses cocaine, the high levels of stress hormone in the body will create a severe addiction to the drug. This is likely because of the feeling of relaxation that cocaine will bring to the brain function, making one want more of that feeling instead of being bogged down by stress.
- Prefrontal Cortex: This is the control center of the brain responsible for decision-making and self-control. Cocaine abuse restrains the proper functioning of the prefrontal cortex, making it hard for an individual to understand the effects of continued cocaine use.
Common Cocaine Side Effects
- Weight loss
- Mood swings
- Increase in heart rate
- Enlarged pupils
- Nosebleeds, inflamed nostrils, or nasal congestion
- Nervousness, restlessness, and inability to concentrate
- Increased susceptibility to viruses and bacteria due to a reduced immune response
- Delusions and hallucinations
Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Abuse
Continued cocaine use can lead to the following side effects:
- Anxiety: People who constantly use cocaine will often remain anxious most of the time.
- Nose Bleeding: Users who snort cocaine may experience nose bleeds as their nasal cavities have damages from restricted blood flow.
- Extreme Tiredness and Reduced Activity: Cocaine abuse creates franticly paced highs but also hard crashes. During the periods after a high, the user will often feel low energy levels making the users less productive, particularly as they continue to use more.
- Heart Attack: Continued use of cocaine can impair cardiac muscles, inflammation of the muscles, and even rupture the aorta. The results of this are heart palpitations, extreme stress on the cardiovascular system, and finally, death.
- cardiovascular functions, the risk of users experiencing a stroke or brain damage is doubled.
- Kidney Damage: As one continues to use cocaine, the kidneys become inflamed and, from the stress of blood filtration, may begin to fail.
- Impairment in Logic, Critical Thinking, and Attention Span: As one continues to use cocaine, cognitive functions and self-preservation are impaired, resulting in the inability to make rational decisions.
- Tooth Decay: Prolonged use of cocaine will result in tooth decay not just due to the chemical compounds found in the drug but because hygiene has taken a backseat to obtain the drug.
Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms
The severe cravings and mental dependency that cocaine users develop mean that stopping use requires a detox period. Depending on the length of time used and the amount used, cocaine detox may bring different physical and physiological withdrawal symptoms. How long does it take to detox Cocaine? The cocaine detox process can take anywhere from 12 hours to 4 or more days. Most users will undergo a level of decreased energy as well as increased anxiety and irritability. Unlike substances such as alcohol and heroin, withdrawal symptoms such as vomiting, and tremors are not inevitable to happen. However, a mixture of alcohol and cocaine abuse is typical and can trigger these more severe symptoms.
Signs of Cocaine Withdrawal:
- Lack of Pleasure
- Irritability and Anxiety
- Suspicion or Paranoia
- Trouble Eating or Sleeping
The Importance of Cocaine Detox for Drug Addiction
Long-term, continued cocaine use quickly leads to late-stage addiction. In this stage, the risks the user takes on are significant and critical to be aware of. The most severe of the possible bets are that of overdose and death.
Detox encourages healing in a safe, comfortable environment and provides resources for withdrawal that lessen negative symptoms. With a staff of trained practitioners and caretakers, We Level Up New Jersey gives the ability to detox under the careful eye of professionals. In addition, we work to maximize comfort, offering over-the-counter and prescription medications as needed, psychological care, and personal support to encourage abstinence from cocaine and other drugs, both today and for years to come.
Cocaine Detox & Addiction Treatment
Following the completion of a cocaine detox program, several different treatment options help individuals who have been struggling with addiction. Care can be provided on an inpatient or outpatient basis and at various levels of care. Your addiction treatment team will recommend levels of care depending on your current progress in recovery, your experience with addiction and recovery, your motivation, and your home situation.
Contact us today if you or a loved one is struggling with cocaine because we can help you explore cocaine addiction treatment options and how you can start with recovery.
 Why are Cocaine Users at Risk for Contracting HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis? – National Institute on Drug Abuse