Opiate Addiction Treatment, Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Effects, Withdrawal & Detox
What Are Opiates?
Opiates are natural opioids such as heroin, morphine, and codeine. Generally, opioid prescription pain relievers are safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by a doctor. However, users abuse them due to the euphoria they produce in addition to pain relief. As a result, substance abuse happens when you take it in a different way or in a larger quantity than prescribed or taken without a doctor’s prescription. Substance abuse with this drug can be best medicated in an inpatient program that is accordingly dedicated to opiate addiction treatment.
To clarify, the regular use of opiates—even as prescribed by a doctor—can lead to dependence as well. And when misused, opioid pain relievers can lead to addiction, overdose incidents, and deaths. . Although these terms are often used interchangeably, they are different: Opiates refer to natural opioids such as heroin, morphine and codeine. Opioids refer to all natural, semisynthetic, and synthetic opioids.
Opiates include controlled substances that are derived from Opium, which is a chemical that naturally occurs in poppy plants and seeds. These drugs are used clinically for treating mild to severe pain. Unfortunately, because of their intensely calming effects, Opiates have tremendously high rates of abuse which, in many cases, can lead to addiction, even when the medications are prescribed appropriately and taken as directed. Opiate addiction can be hard to beat. However, opiate addiction treatment programs can help users break their physical and psychological dependence on the drug.
What is opiate addiction?
Opiates have a high potential for causing addiction in some individuals, even when the medications are taken as prescribed. Addiction to opiates can cause life-threatening health problems, including the risk of overdose. An overdose happens when high doses of these drugs cause life-threatening side effects, such as causing breathing to slow or stop. As a result, it may lead to unconsciousness and death. Chronic opiate use can lead to the development of potentially incapacitating dependence.
The individual indicators of opiate addiction might seem harmless in isolation and passed off as some other health condition. Learning how to recognize this kind of substance abuse disorder can save someone’s life. Both licit and illicit types of opioids carry a high risk of being habit-forming. When opiates interact with an endorphin receptor, they cause heightened levels of endorphin activity. As a result, it creates a powerful high, followed by an artificial feeling of calm and relaxation.
What Are the Stages of Opiate Addiction?
Opiate tolerance happens when a person using opiates begins to experience a reduced response to medication, requiring more opioids to experience the same effect.
Opiate dependence happens when the body adjusts its normal functioning around regular opioid use. Unpleasant physical symptoms occur when medication is stopped.
Opiate addiction happens when attempts to cut down or control use are unsuccessful or when used results in social problems and a failure to fulfill obligations at work, school, and home. Opiate addiction often comes after the person has developed opiate tolerance and dependence, making it physically challenging to stop opiate use and increase withdrawal risk.
Opiate addiction signs and symptoms
Chronic use of opiates can indefinitely result in dependence—a physical addiction can develop in four weeks, but psychological dependence can develop in as little as two days. Unaware of the risks of these fast-acting drugs, individuals may not notice when this dependence happens. Family members should watch out for these warning signs of opiate abuse:
Long-term physical symptoms
- Gastric problems
- Blood disorders
- Respiratory depression
- Immune system destruction
- Anxiety attacks
- Fleeting moments of euphoria
- Lowered motivation
Opiate addict behavior
If you believe your loved one is abusing opiates, he may also be exhibiting various behavioral symptoms. For example, you may notice that he takes greater amounts of the drug than originally intended and has had unsuccessful attempts to decrease his dosage. You may also notice that he spends most of his time trying to obtain, use, or recover from the drug and has lost sense of all his other priorities. Frequently, opiate users seek out the drug compulsively and “double up” on doctors and pharmacies. This is often a significant indication of opiate addiction.
Effects of Opiates
Without awareness, you may become addicted to prescription opioids that were given to you for a medical condition. Consequently, you will start using opiate drugs intentionally for the high they can provide. Opiates’ effects on the brain are strong as they can deplete certain chemicals with continued abuse. Classic signs of opiate addiction can be eventually, your brain will become dependent on opioids to function normally, then, you will start needing more opioids just to ward off withdrawal and feel “normal.”
Short-Term Effects of Opiate:
- Pain relief
- Feelings of euphoria
- Opiate’s abusers will experience sporadic periods of “nodding off” as they slip in and out of consciousness
Long-Term Effects of Opiate:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal distention and bloating
- Liver damage
- Brain damage due to hypoxia
Additionally, opioid use can lead to death because of opioids on the part of the brain which regulates breathing.  An opioid overdose can be identified by a combination of three signs and symptoms:
- Pinpoint pupils
- Difficulties with breathing
Causes of Opiate and Opioid Addiction
In 2018 in the United States, about 808,000 people reported using heroin during the past year. Similarly, about 11.4 million people used narcotic pain relievers without a prescription.  Narcotic pain relievers include:
You will become addicted to these drugs once it develops physical dependence. In other words, you rely on the drug to prevent withdrawal symptoms that may affect your body negatively. And over time, you will need more of the drug to obtain the same effect. That is to say, you already have drug tolerance. However, to tell when physical dependence develops varies with each person. And, once you stop using the opiate after the long-term use, your body will need more time to recover.
The biggest complication of opiate withdrawal is returning to drug use. In fact, most opiate overdose deaths occur in people who have just detoxed. The first few days are the most dangerous because those who have just gone through opiate withdrawal can overdose on a much smaller dose than they used. As during opiate withdrawal, your tolerance to the drug is reduced. Furthermore, if you stop or cut back on these drugs after heavy use of a few weeks or more, you will have several Opiate withdrawal symptoms and may include:
- Muscle aches
- Increased tearing
- Runny nose
- Abdominal cramping
- Dilated pupils
Opiate Addiction Treatment
A person’s opiate addiction treatment experience often depends on the severity of addiction and co-occurring conditions.
Behavioral therapies used in opiate addiction treatment
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy seeks to help patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they’re most likely to use drugs.
- Contingency management uses positive reinforcement such as providing rewards or privileges for remaining drug-free, attending and participating in counseling sessions or taking opiate addiction treatment medications as prescribed.
- Motivational enhancement therapy uses strategies to make the most of people’s readiness to change their behavior and enter opiate addiction treatment.
- Family therapy helps people with drug use problems and their families, addresses drug use patterns, and improves overall family functioning.
- Twelve-step facilitation (TSF) is an individual therapy typically delivered in 12 weekly sessions to prepare people to engage in 12-step mutual support programs.
Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) used in opiate addiction treatment
MAT is an effective Opiate Addiction Treatment for individuals with opiate abuse. It involves the use of medication along with counseling and behavioral therapies.
Methadone: This prevents withdrawal symptoms and reduces cravings. It is available only in specially regulated clinics.
Buprenorphine: This blocks the effects of other opioids, reduces or eliminates withdrawal symptoms and reduces cravings.
Naltrexone (Vivitrol): This blocks the effects of other opioids, preventing euphoria. It is available from office-based providers in pill form or a monthly injection.
Both Methadone and Suboxone are Schedule II controlled substances. They carry a risk of withdrawal and a high potential for misuse when used. Therefore, their administration is closely monitored and controlled when starting these medications. In many cases, the medical professional administering the drug will require that the individual only be given at their facility. They will even observe the patient take the medication. Over time, the individual may be issued a few doses at a time to administer themselves.
Opiate Addiction Treatment and Detox at We Level Up NJ
Clearing opiates from the body and overcoming withdrawal symptoms is the goal of opiate detox, which is the first step of any opiate addiction treatment center.
Firstly, you need to go to detox to obtain recovery, in a safe and medically supervised setting. We Level Up NJ Detox center medically assist clients to clear their systems of addictive substances including opiates.
For anyone who suffers from addiction, just the thought of having to stop using can cause severe mental distress. But, with the help of a medical detox center, the medical detox process is managed. A comprehensive team prescribing MAT or medication assisted treatment, can alleviate your withdrawal pains while monitoring your health 24 hours. Assuring both your safety and comfort.
Moreover, our residential care program after the detox will slowly and effectively introduce the individual into an atmosphere of therapeutic growth. Marked by Master’s level therapists, clinicians, group counselors, psychiatrists, and a community of like-minded individuals with the same aim to attain sobriety and live a great life.
Clients in our inpatient drug rehab here at We Level Up NJ Treatment Center will live comfortably within the facility during this crucial and fragile time. This supportive environment is designed to give patients 24-hour care for sobriety, removing temptations for relapse and applying an air of recovery into every component of the treatment timeline, including opiate addiction treatment. At We Level Up NJ, we find that when patients are living in a supportive community, especially during their early recovery process, they can truly focus on what matters most: their recovery.
Above all, we’re passionate about providing the best care and treatment options for clients and their families. Our treatment team is dedicated to giving each and every client the best chance for recovery. We know that finding a trusted addiction and mental health rehabilitation center is a critical part of finding the best opiate addiction treatment options. A great way to weed through to uncover the best recovery programs should include seeking accredited organizations like We Level Up.
Most importantly, if you or a loved one is addicted to an opiate, you may reach out to us. Our counselors are always ready to answer any of your possible questions.