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What is Adderall Withdrawal?

The combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine (Adderall, Adderall XR, Mydayis) is used as part of a treatment program to control symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (sleep disorder). A person who has been abusing Adderall will experience withdrawal symptoms when he or she stops taking it. What does Adderall do?. It is a stimulant that can cause euphoria when taken inappropriately. Adderall can be addictive, and Adderall side effects can be life-threatening in some cases. Therefore, one should never assume a drug is somehow “safe” to use in any quantity or conditions simply because it’s prescribed. 

Many people without ADHD may abuse Adderall recreationally for its stimulant-associated effects of increased euphoria and energy, which also suppresses the side effects of alcohol and can lead to alcohol poisoning. In recent years, mixing Adderall and alcohol has become an increasingly popular trend among college students. Non-prescription Adderall use is so prevalent on college campuses that college students take dangerously high amounts of it to cram before an exam or stay up all night to write a paper.

Addiction to Adderall can cause dangerously rapid weight loss, seizures, hallucinations, and potentially-fatal heart problems. A common way that Adderall is abused is by snorting. Snorting Adderall produces a faster onset of the drug’s effects and is associated with increased potential for overdose. Therefore, an Adderall detox is essential to stop the damage caused by the drug before it becomes too late.

Snorting Adderall
Snorting Adderall is bad for you. You increase the likelihood of experiencing adverse side effects of the medication since there is no controlled release of the medication.

Can You Snort Adderall?

Are you thinking about snorting Adderall? Or maybe you’ve been snorting Adderall. Are you worried about the effects it may have on your health? If so, then continue reading to understand what snorting Adderall will do to your body and what potential adverse side effects can happen (including withdrawal, overdose, addiction, and the need to treat addiction to Adderall).

Adderall capsules or tablets are sometimes crushed and then snorted for a faster “high.” Crushing and then snorting Adderall that has an extended-release format, like Adderall XR, bypasses the way the medication is supposed to be slowly released in set doses over a set period of time. Instead, it sends the entire amount of the drug into the bloodstream at once.

The brain may be overwhelmed by the amount of Adderall suddenly in its system and may not be able to safely break down the drug. Seizures, hypertension, racing heart rate, severe confusion, fever, and psychosis may be side effects of Adderall overdose, and these can result in heart attack, stroke, or death without swift medical treatment. Combining other drugs or alcohol with Adderall only increases the risks.

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What Happens If You Snort Adderall?

When snorting Adderall, the user releases a massive concentrated dose of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine into their bloodstream. Whereas taking an Adderall pill orally allows the time-release medication to be slowly absorbed in your bloodstream via your GI (Gastrointestinal) tract, snorting it releases all of Adderall’s ingredients quite fast.

When Adderall is snorted, it is absorbed by the mucus membrane via the sinus passages in a matter of minutes, quickly crossing the blood-brain barrier. At first, the user will likely enjoy the effects of snorting Adderall as an overwhelming sense of euphoria takes hold. If someone is cramming for a presentation or test, they will probably be happy to find that their focus and concentration intensify.

However, this overwhelming sense of excitement can lead to severe side effects. It is worth mentioning that snorting Adderall nullifies the beneficial impact the prescription drug typically has on those who have ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).

Rapid Heart Rate

Snorting Adderall is highly ill-advised among individuals in average health. Still, it’s incredibly counterintuitive for those suffering from a preexisting heart condition or those suffering from high BP (blood pressure).

Due to the influx of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine crossing the blood-brain barrier so quickly, snorting Adderall can result in shortness of breath, increased blood pressure, and respiratory disturbance. In addition, it is not uncommon for snorters to struggle with chest pain or abuse Adderall.

Hallucinations & Psychosis

It has been proven that this medication can cause hallucinations, even in those who are prescribed Adderall to treat ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), so it should come as no surprise that it can also cause these same symptoms to those who take it recreationally.

For those thinking about snorting Adderall to get all high, you might want to think twice unless you intend on a very unpleasant vision, especially when you consider the potential for short and long-term psychosis.

Adderall alters brain function, leading to cases of suicide and psychosis. Moreover, there has even been much debate as to whether or not Adderall can cause schizophrenia. A common result of amphetamine intoxication is the development of a paranoid psychosis indistinguishable from schizophrenia, during which the user may be a severe social danger.

The Fear

Someone snorting Adderall may experience intense fear. It’s actually an authentic side effect of snorting Adderall. The excitement mentioned above can quickly overwhelm the user, leading to panic, nervousness, and fear.

Snorting Adderall
Snorting pills cause destruction of the nasal and sinus cavities. The longer someone continues taking Adderall in this way, the more damage that can be done.

Changes in Sex Drive

One of snorting Adderall’s known side effects is a potential decrease in sexual drive. However, it’s helpful to note that both the efficacy and side effects of any prescription medication may vary depending on how and when you take it. Both men and women might experience a lower sex drive (libido). Men might also experience erectile dysfunction (ED). This change in sex drive (libido) or sexual performance can lead to embarrassment and distress.

One effect that comes from snorting Adderall is the constriction of certain blood cells in the body. These changes in the body can impact the blood flow to the penis. It should also be noted amphetamines are known to suppress testosterone production and can also lead to sexual issues. Usually, after the effects of the drug have gone away, sexual performance and desire will return to what is typical for the user.

When the medication works as it is supposed to, it triggers neurotransmitters in the prefrontal cortex. This is the area that is in charge of executive functioning and thus improves your ability to focus and concentrate. It also triggers dopamine in the basal ganglia. This can alleviate impulsivity and hyperactivity. In addition, if dopamine hits the hypothalamus, the part of the brain responsible for hormone production, it can also alleviate depression. While alleviating impulsivity, hyperactivity, and depression might sound good, these effects can also lead to a lack of sexual desire in women. In fact, women might even find it very difficult to achieve orgasm and they may also experience lubrication issues. 

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Seizures

Seizures are very common among people snorting Adderall, even those in good health. This is a psychostimulant that belongs to the amphetamine drug class. As such, it stimulates the release of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. Most of the drug’s negative impacts happen to your brain if you take too much. Excessive doses could even cause you to have a seizure in some instances. Seizures have a high likelihood of causing long-term damage, especially when left untreated.

Cardiac Arrest

Adderall addiction doesn’t only carry harmful side effects, it also carries the risk of landing you in the hospital or even in the grave. Among the many alarming consequences of snorting Adderall is the user’s potential to go into cardiac arrest. Along with hypertension, damage to the inner lining of the heart, and arrhythmias, cardiac arrest was one of the top causes behind these hospital visits.

Adderall Overdose

It’s crucial to remember that every individual’s body is different, and because of this, some individuals may overdose on a relatively small dosage of this drug. Individuals with existing cardiac complications may have a higher risk of Adderall overdose when snorting Adderall. Certain individuals are snorting Adderall in binges so that the effects continue for a longer amount of time. This often results in a person not sleeping for an extended period of time. As more and more of the drug enters a person’s system, they could be moving closer to overdose.

Once a person uses Adderall for a while, they may start to lose the euphoric feeling the substance once created. This tolerance may lead them to take more of the drug in higher doses, behaviors that can greatly increase the risk of overdose. Adderall alone is dangerous, however, many recreational drug users mix it with other drugs (polydrug use) to increase its pleasurable effects. Doing so can further increase the risk of overdose and addiction.

An Adderall overdose can cause coma, severe organ damage, and sudden death. As a person’s body struggles to keep up with the number of drugs consumed, toxic levels of the substance can accumulate in the body. When the body is overwhelmed in this way, major organs often suffer the brunt of this damage. During an Adderall overdose, this extreme chemical overload can cause kidney and liver failure.

The strain on the central nervous system, especially the cardiovascular system, can lead to heart attack, stroke, or hyperthermia. Hyperthermia occurs when the body’s temperature rises far above normal. This can cause coma and permanent brain damage. Even if a person recovers from an overdose, their life may be forever altered by damage to their brain.

Overdose may also lead to internal bleeds within the skull, a serious condition that can cause one-sided paralysis, confusion, and loss of consciousness.

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Symptoms of Adderall Overdose

Symptoms of overdose from Adderall include:

  • Achy muscles
  • Aggression
  • Blurry vision
  • Cola-colored or dark red urine
  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Fast breathing
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Fever
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Seizures
  • A sense of panic
  • Stomach upset or cramps
  • Tiredness
  • Uncontrollable shaking
  • Weakness

Signs of Adderall Abuse

Some drug users have even been snorting Adderall in an attempt to achieve a better “high” by delivering the drug directly into the bloodstream. Snorting the drug may provide a more intense high, but it is also a fast track to a fatal overdose. Athletes taking Adderall have died because their increased blood pressure leads to heat stroke and cardiac arrest. 

Signs of Adderall abuse may include:

  • Being overly talkative
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unusual excitability
  • Social withdrawal
  • Financial troubles
  • Aggression
  • Sleeping for long periods of time
  • Secretive behavior
  • Exhaustion
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Memory loss
  • Incomplete thoughts
  • Relationship problems
  • Decline in personal hygiene
  • Frequently taking pills
  • Financial difficulties
  • Overworking or over concentrating
  • Running out of prescriptions early
  • Disorientation
  • Mania
  • Impulsive behaviors

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Adderall Addiction Treatment

A qualified treatment center can monitor a person addicted to Adderall through detox, ensuring withdrawal symptoms are safely managed. Adderall detox often includes a taper-down strategy. This helps gradually expel the drug from the body to reduce uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms such as depression and fatigue.

A doctor should always be involved in an Adderall detox process. Uncomfortable Adderall side effects can take hold if a person quits the drug too fast. A doctor can set up a tapering schedule, typically lasting a few weeks or a few months, so a person can get sober safely.

Steps in Adderall Detox

  • With the help of a medical professional, set up a slow weaning schedule.
  • Seek emotional support and guidance from a mental health professional during detox.
  • Keep busy to distract from drug cravings.
  • Maintain a healthy eating and sleeping schedule, and take all prescribed medications or supplements.
  • Attend support groups, meetings, counseling sessions, family therapy, and aftercare programs.

The inpatient treatment approach works best as it aims to change the person’s behaviors. Also, help them establish social support systems and better methods of coping with stress. A person will likely experience many different Adderall side effects from their drug use. These side effects may be physical, emotional, or mental. For instance, someone in Adderall withdrawal will likely experience many uncomfortable feelings and negative thoughts about life during the process of detox. 

Unfortunately for people snorting Adderall which leads to dependency, detox is an unavoidable first step of treatment towards recovery. Please, do not try to detox on your own. The detox process can be painful and difficult without medical assistance. However, getting through the detox process is crucial for continued treatment. 

We Level Up NJ provide proper care with round-the-clock medical staff to medically assist your recovery through our Adderall Addiction Treatment Program. So, reclaim your life, call us to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Our counselors know what you are going through and will answer any of your questions.

Snorting Adderall
Stimulant use may aggravate certain mental health problems, like anxiety. It can also cause mood instability. Dual diagnosis treatment programs can help a person to find better mental and emotional well-being.

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Sources:

[1] NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5130137/

[2 FDA – https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2007/011522s040lbl.pdf

[3] NIDA – https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/prescription-stimulants