Heroin Detox and Addiction Treatment, Effects of Heroin Addiction, Withdrawal Management
What is Heroin?
Heroin is an opioid derived from morphine, a substance found in the seeds of poppy plants. Most people take heroin by injecting it into their arms through a needle. Heroin quickly reaches the brain and produces extreme feelings of pleasure, which is why it becomes addictive so quickly. But, the symptoms of heroin detox withdrawal can be painful and even deadly. The longer you use heroin, the more your body builds up a tolerance to the drug.
That means people have to take larger amounts to produce similar effects. Taking too much heroin to chase a high can lead to an overdose. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) , the impact of Heroin use is felt all across the United States.
This means that Heroin is being identified as the most or one of the most critical drug use issues affecting several local regions from coast to coast. In addition, some medical complications from chronic Heroin use include insomnia, constipation, lung complications, sexual dysfunction.
What is Heroin Detox?
Various effective treatments and heroin detox are available for heroin use disorder, including both behavioral therapies and medications. Both approaches help recover a degree of normalcy to brain function and behavior, resulting in heightened contracting rates and a lower risk of HIV and other diseases and criminal behavior. Although behavioral and pharmacologic treatments can be helpful when utilized alone, research shows that blending both treatments is the most effective approach for many people. 
Long-Term Effects of Heroin Addiction
People who use heroin over the long term may develop the following health complications:
- Collapsed veins for people who inject the drug
- Damaged tissue inside the nose for people who sniff or snort it
- Infection of the heart lining and valves
- Abscesses (swollen tissue filled with pus)
- Constipation and stomach cramping
- Liver and kidney disease
- Lung complications, including pneumonia
- Mental disorders such as depression and antisocial personality disorder
- Sexual dysfunction for men
- Irregular menstrual cycles for women
Heroin Addiction Diagnosis for Heroin Detox
Heroin addiction is opioid addiction and diagnosing any substance use disorder, including opioid use disorder, is done by a careful examination and assessment by a psychiatrist or psychologist. In some states, a licensed drug and alcohol counselor may make the diagnosis.
Generally, a variety of tests are used. These include lab tests like heroin blood or urine tests and a clinical interview.
If you speculate that you or someone you care about has a heroin addiction, speak with a professional. This can include a mental health professional like a licensed drug or alcohol counselor, social worker, physician, or psychiatrist.
We Make Heroin Detox Easier on You
Individuals who use these opiate substances, such as heroin, undergo chemical changes in their brains and often avoid the truth about their addiction. Unfortunately, this means it is often family and friends who eventually discover signs of heroin abuse. It is not easy getting a loved one to realize they have a heroin addiction and find a heroin detox program, but it could save their lives.
The most obvious way for a user to recognize that they have a heroin dependency, and probably an addiction, is when a powerful withdrawal symptom is experienced: cravings. Unfortunately, a user who encounters this symptom may already be in late-stage addiction and facing a challenging rehabilitation process.
One of the most common forms of heroin use is via intravenous injections. When injected, the drug effects are fast-acting. Injections direct the substance right into the bloodstream, triggering a rush of euphoria. Other effects that are quick to present include dry mouth, pale, flushed skin, constricted pupils, slowed respiration, and a lack of consciousness. Thoughts and memories become hard to form or hold on to because the chemicals in the brain are being affected. As a result, the ability to make judgments and maintain self-control is significantly impaired. Heroin use also takes a significant toll on the user’s immune system, making them sensitive to common colds and infections.
Getting treatment to stop using heroin is so vital because of the high risk of overdose. Although drugs such as naloxone are available to prevent death from overdose, overdose rates from heroin use are still enormous in counts. In addition, a heroin overdose causes hypoxia: a sharp decline in breathing, which prevents the flow of oxygen to the brain. In some cases, an overdose can lead to coma, brain damage, and possibly death.
Heroin addiction is a fatal, life-threatening disease that can cause irreversible effects on one’s health and relationships. Without help, this addiction will more than likely turn destructive. Immediate professional help and heroin detox is the only way to avoid injuring yourself or a loved one .
Opioid use disorder is a severe condition, but it’s treatable. Addiction doesn’t have to be continual or even long-term. There’s help out there, and there’s always a potential to recover for anyone who will seek help.
Treatment for Heroin Overdose
Naloxone is a medicine that can treat an opioid overdose when given right away. It works by rapidly binding to opioid receptors and blocking the effects of heroin and other opioid drugs. However, sometimes more than one dose may be needed to help a person start breathing again, which is why it’s essential to get the person to an emergency department or a doctor to receive additional support if needed.
Naloxone is an injectable solution and nasal sprays (NARCAN® Nasal Spray and KLOXXADO®). Friends, family, and others in the community can use the nasal spray versions of naloxone to save someone who is overdosing.
In fact, the rising number of opioid overdose deaths has led to increased public health efforts to make naloxone available to at-risk persons and their families, first responders, and others in the community. In addition, some states have passed laws that allow pharmacists to dispense naloxone without a prescription from a person’s doctor. 
Heroin Detox Withdrawal Symptoms
- Sweats and Chills
- Soreness and Aching in Muscles and Bones
- Sinus Issues
- Fatigue and Loss of Energy
- Agitation and Restlessness
- Vomiting and Diarrhea
Symptoms for Severe Cases of Heroin Addiction
- Strong Cravings
- Increased Heart Rate
- Anxiety or Paranoia
- Muscle Spasms
- Respiration Issues
- Psychological Stress
- High Blood Pressure
What to Expect During Heroin Detox?
The heroin detox process may look unusual for someone who has only used heroin a few times than it would for someone who has used heroin habitually over several weeks, months, or years. The longer and incredible amounts an individual uses, the more stringent the process will be and the longer it will take to detox fully. In addition, the way the drug is taken may also influence the brain and body’s addiction to the drug and the overall detox process.
Basically, for some individuals, the detox period is over within 5-7 days. However, more high-level heroin addiction could mean a detox period several days longer. Therapy, counseling, and medical treatment are all parts of a medically assisted detox program. This structured and administered detox program helps create a more peaceful drug transition and reduces the risk of complications.
Common Health Risks
- Heart Damage
- Dysfunctional Cognitive Abilities
- Kidney Disease and Kidney Failure
- Conditions due to needle sharing (HIV, Hepatitis)
- Collapsed Veins
- Skin Infections and Abscesses
- Liver Disease
- Lung Complications
Medically-Assisted Heroin Detox
The Heroin detox process may look different for someone who has only used Heroin a few times than it would for a person who has used Heroin habitually over several weeks, months, or years. The longer and great amounts an individual uses, the more severe the process will be and the longer it will take to fully detox. In addition to these factors, how the substance was ingested can also play a role in affecting how dependent the brain and body have become on the drug, as well as the overall detox process.
Medication assisted treatment (MAT) for Heroin Detox
Medications can be helpful in this detoxification stage. This is to ease craving and other physical symptoms that can often prompt a person to relapse.
Medication assisted treatment (MAT) can be considered by all individuals seeking treatment for heroin addiction. Drugs such as Suboxone, Zubsolv and Vivitrol may aid a heroin user in their recovery.
- Lofexidine. FDA approved, a non-opioid medicine designed to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms. It is the primary medication for detoxification and heroin detox withdrawal symptoms.
- Methadone (Dolophine or Methadose) is a slow-acting opioid agonist. Methadone is taken orally so that it reaches the brain slowly while preventing withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is only available through approved treatment programs, where it is dispensed to patients on a daily basis.
- Buprenorphine (Subutex). FDA approved. Buprenorphine relieves drug cravings without producing the “high” or dangerous side effects of other opioids. Suboxone is a novel formulation of buprenorphine that is taken orally and contains naloxone (an opioid antagonist) to prevent attempts to get high by injecting the medication.
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol). FDA approved. It is a medication primarily used to manage alcohol or heroin addiction by reducing cravings and feelings of euphoria associated with substance abuse. Heroin addicted person should not receive naltrexone before detoxification.
- Naloxone should be given to any person who shows signs of an opioid overdose or when an overdose is suspected. It can be given as a nasal spray or it can be injected into the muscle, under the skin, or into the veins.
Heroin Addiction Treatment near me
There are multiple ways to treat heroin addiction with heroin detox. Medication such as Methadone, Subutex, and Suboxone allows an individual to be weaned off of heroin without the full withdrawal effects. However, medication-assisted treatment is debatable as these medications are addictive in themselves. In fact, the ideal treatment option is abstinence. This is a challenging route, as heroin detox can be very uncomfortable and triggers severe cravings. However, getting clean is the ultimate goal, and this is the favored route for many.
We Level Up New Jersey Treatment team specializes in creating an ideal environment and providing effective therapies to help heroin addicts recover. Most importantly, we will develop a personalized treatment plan and lead you to recovery. So, get started today!
If you think you or a loved one has developed an addiction to heroin, communicate with us today, and we will help you reclaim your life. We can help you with an assessment and provide further resources for help and recovery.
 NIDA – https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/scope-heroin-use-in-united-states
 NIDA – https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-are-treatments-heroin-use-disorder
 NIH – https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002861.htm
 NIDA – https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin