By We Level Up NJ Treatment Center | Editor Yamilla Francese | Clinically Reviewed By Lauren Barry, LMFT, MCAP, QS, Director of Quality Assurance | Editorial Policy | Research Policy | Last Updated: April 25, 2023
What Are Muscle Relaxers? What Do Muscle Relaxers Do?
Muscle relaxers or muscle relaxants are prescriptions for treating severe muscle pain and discomfort caused by back pains and muscle spasms. A muscle spasm means one or more of your muscles contract, and the cramping or twitching is out of your control. It can occur for several reasons and can sometimes be very painful. Prescription drug muscle relaxer medications can differ in their composition, chemical structures, and how they work in the brain. Each muscle relaxant comes with different risks and benefits.
Popular Muscle Relaxer Names
Common muscle relaxer names include:
- Baclofen (Lioresal®).
- Carisoprodol or (Soma®, Vanadom®)
- Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril®, Fexmid®).
- Metaxalone (Skelaxin®, Metaxall®).
- Tizanidine (Zanaflex®).
- Dantrolene sodium (Ryanodex, Revonto, Dantrium).
- Orphenadrine (Norflex®).
Muscle relaxers can be taken orally or through injection directly into the muscle tissue.
What Are Muscle Relaxers Used for?
Muscle relaxers can be prescribed for several medical conditions, such as back or neck pain, chronic muscle spasms, sciatica, and fibromyalgia. In addition, muscle relaxants may be prescribed for treating injury or strain and can help reduce inflammation. Furthermore, muscle relaxants can be used for helping to alleviate pain associated with diseases such as cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy.
Common Muscle Relaxer Side Effects
Common side effects of muscle relaxers can include:
- Blurred vision.
Additionally, muscle relaxers may cause:
- Dry mouth.
More severe side effects, such as:
- Low blood pressure.
- Allergic reactions.
- An increased risk of developing intense medication interactions may also occur.
Always follow the instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist when taking a muscle relaxer. Continue reading to learn more about muscle relaxers’ side effects and their factors.
What Does a Muscle Relaxer Do to the Nerves?
A muscle relaxer generally works as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant and causes a sedative effect or prevents the nerves from sending pain signals to the brain. The onset of action is fast, and results typically last 4-6 hours.
Like other prescription drugs, a muscle relaxer risks abuse and drug addiction. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) , centrally-acting muscle relaxants are a potential drug of abuse.
Several treatment options can effectively treat addiction. Encourage your friend or loved one to talk to their doctor or a treatment counselor about using alcohol treatment programs, substance abuse treatment, relapse prevention, or support groups as part of their recovery.
Some OTC medications can have muscle-relaxing effects. While many search for “muscle relaxers over the counter” or “otc muscle relaxers,” common muscle relaxants are ideally prescribed for acute rather than chronic pain. Anyone with muscle spasms and pain should consult a doctor who may prescribe or recommend a muscle relaxer. It is essential to be aware of the possible effects of muscle relaxers. There are several prescription muscle relaxers names on the market.
Popular Names of Muscle Relaxers
- Carisoprodol (Soma)
- Chlorzoxazone (Lorzone, Parafon Forte DSC, Remular-S)
- Cyclobenzaprine (Amrix)
- Metaxalone (Skelaxin)
- Methocarbamol (Robaxin)
- Orphenadrine (Norflex)
- Baclofen (Ozobax)
- Tizanidine (Zaniflex)
Types of Common Muscle Relaxers Names
Muscle relaxer medications encompass two classes of drugs: antispasmodics and antispastics.
- Antispastics directly affect the spinal cord or skeletal muscles, improving muscle tightness and spasms.
- Antispasmodics help reduces muscle spasms via the central nervous system. They inhibit the transmission of neurons in the brain.
Antispastics and antispasmodics have different indications and side effects. Since these drugs work differently, people should never use them interchangeably or substitute one type for another.
Popular Muscle Relaxers Over The Counter Names
There are several over the counter muscle relaxers (OTC) medications that are commonly used as muscle relaxants. Here are a few examples:
- Acetaminophen: This medication is commonly used to relieve pain and reduce fever. It is available in a variety of over the counter muscle relaxers products, including Tylenol.
- Ibuprofen: This medication is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) commonly used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. It is available in a variety of over the counter muscle relaxers products, including Advil and Motrin.
- Naproxen: This medication is an NSAID commonly used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. It is available in a variety of over the counter muscle relaxers products, including Aleve.
- Aspirin: This medication is an NSAID commonly used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. It is also available in a variety of OTC muscle relaxers products.
Learn more and get the facts about otc muscle relaxants before using them.
It’s important to note that over-the-counter muscle relaxers and OTC pain relievers may not suit everyone and can have side effects. It’s always a good idea to speak with a healthcare provider before taking any medication, even if it is available OTC.
Muscle Relaxers Names
Watch the Muscle Relaxers Names Video and learn about popular muscle relaxers names like Cyclobenzaprine, Soma, and Baclofen. Find side effects, types & risks by muscle relaxers’ names.
Prescription Muscle Relaxers Names
Popilar muscle relaxers’ names include medications like Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), Methocarbamol (Robaxin), Baclofen (Lioresal), Tizanidine (Zanaflex) , Diazepam (Valium) and Carisoprodol (Soma). Watch the Top Muscle Relaxers Names video below to learn more.
What Do Muscle Relaxers Do to the Body?
Muscle relaxers, also known as spasmolytics, are medications that reduce muscle spasms by inhibiting the nerve impulse that causes the muscles to contract. They are often prescribed for different types of muscular conditions and can help reduce the severity of muscle spasms. However, the main downfall of a muscle relaxer is that it can cause drowsiness, nausea, dizziness, and confusion in some people.
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How Do Muscle Relaxers Make you Feel?
A muscle relaxer tends to make you feel relaxed and reduce muscle tension. Many people experience fatigue or drowsiness due to taking a muscle relaxer. Other common side effects include dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, and headaches.
How Do Muscle Relaxers Make you Feel?
Muscle relaxers typically make you feel relaxed and may reduce muscle tension, stiffness, or spasms. They can also reduce pain and improve coordination and mobility. However, some people may experience side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, and difficulty concentrating.
How Do Muscle Relaxers Make you Feel in terms of Spasms?
Muscle relaxers can help treat sprains, strains, fibromyalgia, and other chronic pain conditions. They are also often used in physical therapy and rehabilitation programs to reduce muscle tension, spasms, and stiffness. Muscle relaxants can be taken by mouth or injection.
The effects may last from a few minutes to several hours. Talking to your doctor before taking any medication is essential, as other medicines or treatments may be more appropriate for your condition.
How Do Muscle Relaxers Make you Feel the Next Day?
A muscle relaxer can make you feel tired or dizzy the next day. After taking a muscle relaxer, you may also experience mild headaches, nausea, or constipation. It is essential to drink plenty of water and rest when taking a muscle relaxer to ward off any side effects.
How Do Muscle Relaxers Make you Feel in terms of Chronic Pain?
Muscle relaxers can help ease pain and stiffness in the muscle caused by an injury or persistent condition. However, they are most often used to relieve muscle spasms and can significantly reduce the intensity of muscle contractions. Muscle relaxants may also be used to provide relaxation in patients who experience difficulty sleeping or anxieties, allowing them to rest better.
Muscle spasms can sometimes be caused by an underlying medical condition such as fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, or lower back pain. In such cases, a muscle relaxer may provide only temporary relief from the muscle spasm. Other treatments, such as physical therapy and lifestyle changes, may need to be employed to provide more lasting muscle relaxation.
It is crucial for anyone considering muscle relaxer use to discuss the risks and benefits with their doctor, as some muscle relaxers can cause side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or nausea. Muscle relaxers should not be used while pregnant or breastfeeding without consulting a physician.
What Do Muscle Relaxers Do Exactly?
Muscle relaxers are typically prescribed to relieve musculoskeletal pain, spasms, and other muscle-related conditions. These medications reduce the release of certain brain chemicals responsible for muscle tension, pain, and cramps. Muscle relaxers are generally prescribed to treat back pain, neck pain, and other musculoskeletal conditions, including fibromyalgia and arthritis.
What Does a Muscle Relaxer Do For Spasms?
Muscle relaxers are also used to relieve muscle stiffness, cramping, and spasms not caused by medical conditions. Some of these medications act as sedatives, causing a feeling of relaxation or drowsiness, making them helpful for treating anxiety or insomnia. Muscle relaxers can also be used to relieve the feeling of pain caused by overexertion, fatigue, and repetitive motions.
Muscle relaxers can help reduce the intensity of muscle spasms and loosen the muscles to alleviate stiffness. They can also address the cramping and pain associated with cramps and help promote better relaxation and comfort. Muscle relaxers relieve pain and discomfort caused by muscle spasms, cramping, and tightness.
What Do Muscle Relaxers Do to your Brain?
Muscle relaxers generally don’t affect cognitive functioning or mood because they don’t cross the blood-brain barrier. However, some research suggests that certain muscle relaxers can cause drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion in some people. It’s important to talk to your doctor about any potential side effects before beginning a muscle relaxer.
Top Prescription Muscle Relaxers Names In-depth Review
Several prescription medications are commonly used as a muscle relaxant. Here are a few examples:
- Baclofen: This medication treats spasms and muscle cramps caused by multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, and other conditions.
- Carisoprodol: This medication treats muscle spasms and pain caused by injuries or other conditions.
- Cyclobenzaprine: This medication treats muscle spasms and pain caused by injuries or other conditions.
- Metaxalone: This medication treats muscle spasms and pain caused by injuries or other conditions.
- Tizanidine: This medication treats muscle spasms and pain caused by injuries or other conditions.
It’s important to note that muscle relaxants should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare provider. They can have side effects and may interact with other medications you are taking. While a muscle relaxer can be a valuable tool in relieving muscle spasms and muscle tension, patients should understand the potential risks associated with their use before starting any treatment regimen.
Muscle Relaxer Addiction Statistics
Additionally, in 2016, almost 70% of patients who received a prescription for a muscle relaxant also received a prescription for an opioid, which could potentially result in harmful interactions. The researchers also discovered that, despite national guidelines indicating that this class of medications should almost always be avoided in individuals 65 and older, muscle relaxants were prescribed disproportionately to older persons throughout this time.
70% of patients who received a prescription for a muscle relaxant also received a prescription for an opioid, which has the potential to result in harmful interactions
Source: Penn Medicine
In 2016, 67 percent of the visits for continuing muscle relaxant use also included opioid therapy.
Source: Penn Medicine
However, although making up just 14.5% of the U.S. population, older persons accounted for 22.2 percent of all visits for muscle relaxants in 2016.
Source: Penn Medicine
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Proper Use of Over The Counter Muscle Relaxers
While over-the-counter muscle relaxers exist, they may not be appropriate for all muscle conditions. Contact a doctor or speak with a pharmacist before taking any muscle relaxer.
Although skeletal muscle relaxants are occasionally the primary drug of abuse, they are often used along with other central nervous system depressants, such as narcotics or alcohol. The significant toxic effects are respiratory depression and coma.
While other drugs such as heroin and meth get a great deal of attention when it comes to abuse and addiction, the potential for muscle relaxers to become part of a user’s cocktail of preferred substance, if not the outright drug of choice, can’t be ignored, to determine the signs a person is addicted to prescription drugs such as muscle relaxers, it’s essential to understand what they are and how they work.
There are cases in which some use alcohol as a muscle relaxer. However, it is discouraged by physicians because people can become psychologically and physically dependent on the effects. Also, while alcohol may have pleasant, relaxing effects in small doses, it can be harmful in larger ones.
Numerous types of medications can have harmful interactions with alcohol. According to researchers at the University of Oklahoma, even moderate alcohol can interfere with your body’s ability to metabolize drugs or enhance the effects of certain medications. Medication interactions can often cause excessive drowsiness and can result in liver problems. Drug interactions with alcohol include antibiotics, antidepressants, pain medications, antihistamines, barbiturates, opioids, and muscle relaxants.
Learn more and get the facts about over the counter muscle relaxers.
What Do Muscle Relaxers Do?
There are two types of muscles, smooth and striated. The molecules within muscle fibers are responsible for muscle contraction. A muscle spasm is an involuntary contraction that can be painful and uncomfortable. The contractions happen when the muscle lacks several nutrients. Nutrient deficiency in the muscles can occur for various reasons, such as fatigue, overuse, diabetes, exposure to excessive heat, and kidney disease. Muscle relaxers work by lessening the tightness or stiffness in the muscles, which decreases discomfort and pain. Some muscle relaxers target the central nervous system, while others target the muscles directly.
Muscle relaxers should not be shared, misused, or abused like all prescription medications. Taking muscle relaxer tablets more than the prescribed dosage or more frequently than advised is highly dangerous and can lead to addiction. Muscle relaxers should also never be combined with antihistamines or alcohol. Despite the severity of muscle relaxer side effects, quitting them can be challenging to do for someone who has become dependent on this drug.
Are Muscle Relaxers Addictive?
Wondering, “are muscle relaxers addictive?” Yes, muscle relaxants can be addictive for some people. Taking them without a prescription or more than your doctor has recommended can increase your chances of becoming addicted. Recommendations generally limit the use of these drugs to a maximum of three weeks since they have not been shown to work for muscle spasms beyond that duration. They can cause serious side effects, including falls, fractures, vehicle crashes, abuse, dependence, and overdose.
It is important to note that some muscle relaxers have the potential to be abused and can cause dependence. At the same time, they are generally considered to be less addictive than other types of drugs, such as opioids. Although muscle relaxers are not generally considered to be highly addictive, they can cause physical dependence if they are taken for an extended period. If a person stops taking the medication suddenly, they may experience withdrawal symptoms, such as tremors, anxiety, and insomnia.
It’s crucial to use muscle relaxers only as directed by a healthcare provider and to be aware of the potential for dependence and abuse. If you are taking muscle relaxers and are concerned about addiction, discussing your concerns with your healthcare provider is a good idea. They can help you determine the best course of treatment for your needs.
Muscle Relaxer Abuse
Muscle relaxers have the potential for abuse and addiction. In addition, extended and continuous use can lead to increased tolerance and physical dependence. For this reason, muscle relaxers are intended as a short-term treatment and not to be prescribed for more than 2-3 weeks.
Unfortunately, many people take muscle relaxers alone or with other illegal drugs for nonmedical reasons, such as producing or enhancing feelings of dissociation and euphoria.
According to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Carisoprodol (brand name Soma) is a Schedule IV drug and is one of the most commonly diverted and misused drugs. In addition, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  suggests never combining muscle relaxants such as Soma or Flexeril with alcohol and other substances or medications. Muscle relaxer abuse can lead to serious dangers, such as an increased risk of overdose, resulting in seizures, hallucinations, coma, and death.
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Types Of Muscle Relaxers
Muscle relaxer abuse can have harmful effects, including seizures, behavioral changes, and withdrawal. Recognizing and understanding these signs of addiction early is essential, as long-term use can worsen side effects.
Muscle relaxers reduce activity levels in muscle cells and change how the central nervous system transmits spasmodic messages. These chemical effects lead to the relaxation of muscle tissue and, in some situations, paralysis.
The two main classes of muscle relaxers include:
This class of muscle relaxers is commonly prescribed to relieve and mitigate pain from spasms and other neurological conditions. It directly affects the spinal cord or the skeletal muscles to improve muscle tightness and spasms. This drug can help with conditions that cause cramps, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) or cerebral palsy, and spinal cord injuries.
- This drug is sold under the brand name Lioresal or Gablofen. It is primarily used for spasticity in spinal cord injury patients or those with multiple sclerosis. The most common side effects include drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, vertigo, and nausea.
- It is sold under the brand name Zanaflex. This drug has both antispastic and antispasmodic effects. Individuals take it to help manage spasticity from spinal cord injuries or MS. Side effects may include drowsiness, itchiness, constipation, hallucinations, and low heart rate .
- This medication can help ease muscle spasticity. Brand names are, Revonto, Dantrium, and Ryanodex. Oral dantrolene may damage the liver.
- The side effects of this drug may include breathing changes due to weakness in the respiratory muscles and muscle weakness.
These are used during emergencies and surgical procedures and to cause paralysis. These drugs help reduce muscle spasms via the central nervous system. They inhibit the transmission of neurons in the brain.
There are two types of antispasmodics: benzodiazepines and nonbenzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines block certain chemicals in the brain, and nonbenzodiazepines act on the brain and spinal cord.
- Diazepam is a benzodiazepine. Physicians may prescribe diazepam for severe muscle spasms and spasticity associated with neurological disorders. Diastat and Valium are common brand names of this drug. Common side effects of this drug include fatigue, muscle weakness, drowsiness, and loss of muscle movement.
- Carisoprodol is a nonbenzodiazepine. Adults can take this medication to relieve severe, painful muscle conditions. A common brand name for this drug is Soma. It has the potential to be abused.
- It can cause drowsiness and dizziness and isn’t recommended for long-term use or by those with a history of addiction. Doctors also warn people of the dangers of combining this medication with alcohol.
- Cyclobenzaprine is a nonbenzodiazepine. It can treat muscle spasms with serious muscle conditions when a person combines it with rest and physical therapy.
- Amrix, Flexeril, and Fexmid are the brand names of this drug. Its sedative properties limit its use during the day. Common side effects may include dizziness, irritability, confusion, and headache.
- It is sold under the brand name Skelaxin. It has the lowest sedation potential and the fewest reported side effects of muscle relaxers.
- People cannot take it with drugs that affect the amount of serotonin in the body due to the risk of serotonin syndrome.
- Common side effects may include dizziness, irritability, an upset stomach, and headache.
Over The Counter Muscle Relaxers (OTC Muscle Relaxer)
An over-the-counter (OTC) muscle relaxer relaxes tense muscles and alleviates pain. OTC muscle relaxer medications are available as pills, creams, and gels and can be bought at most pharmacies and some grocery stores. Examples of OTC muscle relaxers include ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen.
Moreover, an OTC muscle relaxer does not require a prescription but may bear the same risks as a prescription muscle relaxer. There are no over-the-counter muscle relaxers apart from a handful of topical preparations. In the case of the absence of OTC muscle relaxers, there are other typically recommended first-line treatment OTC drugs such as NSAIDs or other painkillers. For now, topical muscle relaxants are among the best muscle relaxers over the counter. Learn more about:
Common Presciption Muscle Relaxers
Prescription muscle relaxers are usually prescribed to treat back pain in conjunction with rest and physical therapy. Popular muscle relaxants include:
- Baclofen. Baclofen may ease muscle tightness and muscle spasms related to spine injuries.
- Benzodiazepines. In addition to treating anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizure disorders like epilepsy, benzodiazepines can also treat muscle spasms and skeletal pain.
- Carisoprodol (Soma). Carisoprodol relaxes muscles and eases pain and stiffness caused by acute bone and muscle problems, often caused by an injury.
- Chlorzoxazone (Lorzone). Chlorzoxazone is used to relieve discomfort from acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions.
- Cyclobenzaprine (Amrix, Fexmid, FlexePax Kit, FusePaq Tabradol). Cyclobenzaprine eases stiffness and pain from muscle cramps, also called muscle spasms.
- Dantrolene (Dantrium). Dantrolene helps control chronic spasticity related to spinal injuries. It is also used for conditions like stroke, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy.
- Metaxalone (Skelaxin, Metaxall, Metaxall CP, Lorvatus PharmaPak). Metaxalone targets pain and muscle spasms from sprains, strains, and muscle injuries.
- Methocarbamol (Robaxin, Robaxin-750). Methocarbamol eases acute muscle and bone pain. It can be taken as a tablet or by injection. Common side effects include dizziness, headache, nausea, flushing, and blurred vision.
- Orphenadrine. Orphenadrine is a medication that relieves pain and stiffness caused by muscle injuries. It is available as an extended-release tablet.
- Tizanidine (Comfort Pac with Tizanidine, Zanaflex). Tizanidine treats muscle spasms caused by spinal cord injuries and other conditions such as multiple sclerosis.
Most Common Top Muscle Relaxers Names Infographics
The two most commonly prescribed muscle relaxers’ names are cyclobenzaprine and carisoprodol. Cyclobenzaprine is typically used to treat muscle spasms, while carisoprodol is usually prescribed to help relieve muscle pain and discomfort. The dosage, side effects, and interactions of these medications vary, so be sure to discuss them with your doctor.
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Cannabis Muscle Relaxers
According to studies, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical responsible for marijuana’s euphoric effects, could also relax the muscles.
The fact that cannabis is still illegal to cultivate, supply, and possess in many places limits research on its therapeutic benefits.
More research is therefore required to determine whether cannabis or the components it contains can reduce muscle spasticity or muscle spasms.
How Long Do Muscle Relaxers Stay In Your System?
Muscle relaxers act as central nervous system depressants and cause a sedative effect or prevent your nerves from sending pain signals to your brain. The onset of action is rapid, and results typically last 4-6 hours.
Methocarbamol is an OTC nonbenzodiazepine, antispasmodic medication. It is sold under the brand name Robaxin. Usually prescribed to treat back pain, it’s considered less sedating than other options. Side effects may include drowsiness, headaches, confusion, dizziness, and an upset stomach.
Abuse and addiction to muscle relaxers may develop after receiving a prescription from a healthcare professional or after abusing them recreationally. Habitual, long-term use, and recreational use of prescription muscle relaxers can lead to addiction requiring inpatient drug rehab.
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10 Most Common Muscle Relaxers FAQs
Does a muscle relaxer help with pain?
Yes. Muscle relaxants are used in addition to rest, physical therapy, and other measures to relieve discomfort.
Are there any over the counter muscle relaxers?
No muscle relaxants are available over the counter in the U.S., but some OTC medications can have muscle-relaxing effects.
Do muscle relaxers make you sleepy?
In contrast to chronic pain, muscle relaxants are best indicated for acute pain. They might be an alternative if pain keeps you from obtaining adequate sleep. When used at night, muscle relaxants can help you sleep since they make you drowsy.
How do muscle relaxers work?
Muscle relaxants work by causing the muscles to become less tense or stiff, reducing pain and discomfort.
How do muscle relaxers make you feel?
Because muscle relaxants are total body relaxants, they typically induce grogginess or sleepiness. As a result, driving or making important decisions while taking muscle relaxants is unsafe. Muscle relaxants are often suggested for evening use due to their sedative effect.
What happens if you take too many muscle relaxers?
Muscle relaxant abuse can lead to serious dangers, such as an increased risk of overdose, which can result in a stupor, hallucinations, and seizures.
Is meloxicam a muscle relaxer?
No, meloxicam is a potent painkiller that needs a doctor’s prescription. It can be found as a typical pill, a tablet that dissolves, a capsule, or a liquid for oral suspension.
How long do muscle relaxers last?
The onset of action is rapid, and effects typically last 4-6 hours.
How fast does muscle relaxers work?
Some muscle relaxants start working within 30 minutes of taking them, and the effects can last anywhere from 4 to 6 hours.
Can muscle relaxers stop your heart?
The medication may result in cardiac arrhythmias (heart rate or rhythm problems). If you already have cardiac issues or take medication to manage depression, your risk may be increased. Heart attacks and strokes may result from these problems if they are not addressed.
5 Signs Of Muscle Relaxer Abuse
It is difficult for someone to identify the signs of muscle relaxer abuse and addiction, especially in cases where the person hides their use. Yet, identifying early signs and interventions may help prevent prescription drug abuse from becoming an addiction.
Discovering the common signs of muscle relaxer addiction may help loved ones intervene early in prevention.
1. Taking Muscle Relaxers Without a Prescription
Someone taking muscle relaxers without a prescription is at significant risk of developing dependency, side effects, and addiction. Abuse of prescription muscle relaxers in a way not intended or prescribed by a qualified doctor is a sign of addiction.
A person who uses muscle relaxers outside the supervision of a doctor should be considered as potentially suffering from substance use disorder, particularly in recreational or long-term use cases.
Federal laws prohibit buying controlled substances such as sedatives, pain relievers, or stimulants without a valid prescription. Consuming prescription drugs without a prescription is not only dangerous but also illegal.
People who take high doses of these prescription drugs, or abuse them for nonmedical reasons, are at great risk of overdose. When muscle relaxers are combined with other central nervous system depressants, such as alcohol, dangerous side effects are likely.
2. Side Effects of Muscle Relaxer Abuse
Many people become addicted to prescription muscle relaxants after receiving a prescription from trusted doctors. Practitioners may attempt to treat muscle spasms and back pain with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as acetaminophen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatories.
If these treatments fail, a doctor may prescribe skeletal muscle relaxants for short durations with physical therapy or alone.
Prescription muscle relaxants attach to GABA receptors and influence neurotransmitters in the brain, leading to sedative and relaxant effects.
Individuals who take muscle relaxants after treatment and others who abuse these drugs recreationally may become physically dependent on and addicted to them.
People who become addicted to prescription muscle relaxants may develop physical symptoms.
Some common side effects caused by short-term muscle relaxant abuse can include:
- Dry mouth
- Drowsiness or slurred speech
- Nausea or vomiting
Long-term side effects of abusing muscle relaxers include:
- Liver damage
- Irregular heartbeat
- Heart failure
3. Behavioral Changes
Behavioral changes may be the first signs of addiction to these drugs. At first, these signs may be subtle. People who abuse muscle relaxants may start to remove themselves from family and friends.
As the addiction progresses, it can change the person’s physical health, mood, obligations, and engagement with professional and personal relationships.
When a person abuses muscle relaxants, behavioral changes become more apparent.
Behavioral signs of prescription drug abuse might include:
- Refilling prescription medications often.
- Taking a higher dose of medication than recommended or prescribed
- Doctor shopping or switching doctors to get multiple prescriptions.
- Getting prescription drugs through unauthorized means
- Stealing or hiding funds used to cover expenses of drug use
4. Symptoms of Muscle Relaxer Withdrawal
Withdrawal symptoms caused by muscle relaxers happen when a person who has become dependent or addicted to the substance suddenly stops using them. These symptoms occur as the body and brain struggle to adapt to chemical changes.
This may happen when someone forgets to take a medication or cannot purchase more.
Muscle relaxer withdrawal symptoms include:
- Muscle aches
- Chills and sweating
- Irritability or agitation
These withdrawal symptoms can last several days, up to a few weeks, or more. Withdrawal from prescription muscle relaxants can be physically painful and need medical assistance.
5. Drug-Seeking Behavior
Drug-seeking behavior is portrayed by a person’s powerful urge and desire to use prescription drugs, leading to impulsive, manipulative, and other high-risk behaviors.
Individuals dependent on or addicted to prescription medications may go to great lengths to get them.
Individuals with a prescription drug use disorder may behave deceitfully with family members and doctors.
Common drug-seeking behaviors include:
- Scams to get prescription medicines
- Assertive demands for a specific drug
- Mood disturbances and suicidal thoughts
- High-risk or impulsive behaviors, such as theft
- Buying illegal prescription medications on the street
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Can You Overdose On Muscle Relaxers?
Muscle relaxant overdose symptoms can occur if the person takes a higher dose than prescribed. Other factors that can increase one’s risk of a muscle relaxer overdose include increased tolerance, age, gender, polysubstance, and recreational use.
What Are The Side Effects Of Muscle Relaxers?
Muscle relaxants are ideally prescribed for acute rather than chronic pain. They may be an option if the pain prevents you from getting enough sleep. Since muscle relaxants cause drowsiness, they can help you get rest when you take them at night. The most common side effects include:
- Tiredness, drowsiness, or sedation effect
- Fatigue or weakness
- Dry mouth
- Decreased blood pressure
Warnings For Prescription Muscle Relaxers
Carisoprodol and diazepam, two muscle relaxants, have a history of habit formation. Be careful to take your prescription exactly as your doctor has instructed.
Seizures and hallucinations (feeling things that are not real), which are withdrawal symptoms, can also be brought on by muscle relaxants. Avoid stopping your medication abruptly, especially if you’ve been taking it for a while.
Additionally, muscle relaxants lower your central nervous system (CNS), making it difficult to focus or maintain consciousness. Avoid engaging in tasks that require mental focus or coordination while using a muscle relaxant, such as operating heavy equipment or driving a car.
Muscle relaxants shouldn’t be taken with:
- CNS depressants like opioids or psychotropics
- Sleep aids
- Herbal remedies like St. John’s wort
If any of the following apply, consult your doctor about using muscle relaxants safely:
- Are over the age of 65
- Have a brain illness or mental health issue
- Have a liver condition
Can You Drink On Muscle Relaxers?
You shouldn’t drink alcohol while taking muscle relaxants. These medications make it hard to think and function normally, even if you take a low dose, so combining them with alcohol can increase your risk of an accident. You also shouldn’t drive or operate heavy machinery while taking muscle relaxants. Some muscle relaxers start working within 30 minutes of taking them, and the effects can last anywhere from 4 to 6 hours.
Are Muscle Relaxers An Opioid?
Muscle relaxant/opioid/NSAID combinations treat musculoskeletal conditions and pain. They work by reducing inflammation and pain and relaxing muscles. Aspirin, Carisoprodol, and Codeine help relieve muscle pain and stiffness caused by strains, sprains, or other muscle injuries.
Can You Get High On Muscle Relaxers?
Benzodiazepines (often abbreviated as “benzos”) such as oxazepam and diazepam (Valium) are sedatives that are usually used as anti-anxiety medications but can often treat back pain and muscle spasms. Researchers believe these drugs modify neurotransmitters by tamping down on nerve activity. Benzodiazepines are also addictive and carry the risk of overdose. Be sure to take them only and precisely as your doctor indicates.
On the other hand, Methocarbamol isn’t a narcotic. It’s a central nervous system (CNS) depressant and muscle relaxant used to treat muscle spasms, tension, and pain. It may be mistaken for a narcotic due to side effects like drowsiness and dizziness, which can feel like a drug “high.”
Muscle Relaxers And Alcohol
Similar to muscle relaxers, alcohol is a depressant. Depressants are substances that slow down the central nervous system, which both muscle relaxers and alcohol do. When muscle relaxers and alcohol are combined, they magnify each other’s effects.
Despite being consumed at events and socially, alcohol is a depressant. The side effects of alcohol mirror many of the side effects of muscle relaxers. The side effects that alcohol causes include the following:
- Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting
- Altered vision
- Depression and anxiety
- Confusion or the inability to think clearly
- Dizziness, problems with balance, and trouble walking
- Impaired judgment and poor decision-making skills
- Motor skill impairment
- Poor memory and difficulty concentrating
When muscle relaxers are mixed with alcohol, the chances of experiencing these side effects greatly increase. Additionally, when muscle relaxers and alcohol are mixed, the effects of each substance are intensified. This can be extremely dangerous, leading to serious health problems like respiratory depression and death.
Do Muscle Relaxers Show Up On A Drug Test?
Are you wondering whether muscle relaxers show up on a drug test? Yes, muscle relaxers can show up on a drug test. However, it depends on the specific muscle relaxer and the drug test. Common muscle relaxers include cyclobenzaprine, carisoprodol, and metaxalone. Depending on the particular test used, these medications may be detected via a drug test.
For example, some drug tests, such as urine or saliva tests, may be able to detect muscle relaxers for a short period after use. However, other tests, such as hair tests, may be able to see muscle relaxers for a more extended period.
In short, when researching “do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test, it is essential to note that the detection time for muscle relaxers can vary depending on several factors, including the person’s metabolism, the dosage and frequency of use, and the presence of other medications or drugs in the body.
Do muscle relaxers show up on a 10-panel drug test? Standard drug testing does not include muscle relaxants. However, you might want to keep in mind the detection window of your medicine for drug tests that include certain compounds in muscle relaxants.
Several do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test examples include:
Baclofen: do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test for Baclofen? Yes, for up to 72 hours.
- Blood Test: 72 hours
- Urine Test: 48 hours-10 days
- Saliva Test: 48-72 hours
Flexeril: do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test for Flexeril? Yes, for up to 10 days.
- Blood Test: Up to 10 days
- Urine Test: Up to 4 days
- Saliva Test: 3-10 days
Soma: do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test for Soma? Yes, for up to 3 days.
- Blood Test: 24 hours
- Urine Test: 2-3 days
- Saliva Test: Up to 4 hours
Chlorzoxazone: do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test for chlorzoxazone? Yes, for up to 3 weeks.
Thus, the answer to “do muscle relaxers show up on a drug test” is a yes. Certain muscle relaxers can appear on drug tests, depending on the substance and the type of test. For example, some muscle relaxants, such as carisoprodol and chlorzoxazone, are detectable in urine or blood tests up to 2 to 3 weeks after the last dose.
What is Progressive Muscle Relaxation Treatment?
Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) is a technique that involves tensing and relaxing muscle groups throughout the body to help reduce muscle tension, anxiety, and stress. The technique was developed by physician Edmund Jacobson in the early 20th century and involves a series of physical and mental exercises.
In PMR, individuals typically lie down or sit in a comfortable position and tense and relax specific muscle groups, one at a time, while focusing on their breathing and sensations in their body. The process is repeated with each muscle group, usually starting with the feet and progressing to the head and neck.
PMR aims to help people become more aware of muscle tension in their bodies and learn how to release it intentionally. Doing so can help people reduce stress and anxiety, improve sleep, and reduce muscle pain or tension associated with certain conditions or injuries.
PMR is often used with other relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or visualization, and is typically learned through guided practice or in a structured program with a healthcare provider.
Get Help for Muscle Relaxers Addiction In New Jersey
Someone dependent on or addicted to prescription muscle relaxers should seek addiction treatment. Drug treatment programs are designed to medically support addicted individuals as they detox and experience withdrawal symptoms.
During your rehabilitation, the staff from your treatment facility will help you identify what caused your addiction and teach you skills that will help you change your behavior patterns and challenge the negative thoughts that led to your addiction.
We Level Up NJ provides proper care with round-the-clock medical staff to assist your recovery through our medically-assisted Detox Program. So, reclaim your life. Call us to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Our counselors know what you are going through and will answer any of your questions.
If you are addicted to drugs like muscle relaxers, your first step in recovery should be a detox in a safe and medically supervised setting. That is why We Level Up is here for you. We Level Up detox center medically assists patients in clearing their systems of addictive substances, such as alcohol and addictive substances.
We know that just stopping use can cause severe mental distress for anyone suffering from addiction. Inpatient rehab will help you manage the medical detox process.
The most effective treatments for muscle relaxers addiction are behavioral therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral and contingency management interventions. For example, the Matrix Model—a 16-week comprehensive behavioral treatment approach that combines behavioral therapy, family education, individual counseling, 12-step support, drug testing, and encouragement for non-drug-related activities—effectively reduces muscle relaxers’ misuse.
Medical detox is often considered the first stage of treatment. It will help you navigate the complicated process of muscle relaxers withdrawal, but it doesn’t address patterns of thought and behavior contributing to drug use. Various treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support necessary to maintain long-term sobriety after you complete detox.
Cravings are very common during detox and can be challenging to overcome. This often leads to relapse. Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps prevent relapse. Clinicians can give the necessary medication and medical expertise to lessen cravings and the effects of withdrawals.
Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of mental health disorders along with muscle relaxers addiction, including:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – An effective treatment that involves changing both the patterns of negative thoughts and the behavioral routines which are affecting the daily life of the depressed person for various forms of depression. Cognitive behavior therapy has been evaluated as particularly effective for treating muscle relaxers addiction and co-occurring disorders of depression and anxiety.
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy – A comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to aid patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main goal of DBT is to help a person develop what is referred to as a “clear mind.”
- Person-Centered Therapy – A strategy that allows and encourages clients to understand and resolve their concerns in a safe, supportive environment.
- Solution-Focused Therapy – An approach interested in solutions that can be quickly implemented with a simple first step leading to further positive consequences.
Dual Diagnosis Treatment
Drug abuse and mental health disorders often co-occur. Traumatic experiences can often result in mental health disorders and substance abuse. Dual-diagnosis rehabilitation treats both of these issues together. The best approach for the treatment of dual diagnosis is an integrated system. This strategy treats both the substance abuse problem and the mental disorder simultaneously. Regardless of which diagnosis (mental health or substance abuse problem) came first, long-term recovery will depend mainly on the treatment for both conditions done by the same team or provider.
We Level Up thorough approach to rehabilitation supports several levels of care to ensure the best possible outcome for every patient who enters our doors. From an intensive and more supportive atmosphere for those in the early days of recovery to a comfortable residential-style living dynamic upon completion of detox, We Level Up is here to help guide you down the safe, medication-assisted treatment and results-based path to sobriety.
If you or a loved one is struggling with muscle relaxers addiction or similar drugs, call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Your call is private and confidential, and there is never any obligation.
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Begin with a free call to an addiction & behavioral health treatment advisor. Learn more about our dual-diagnosis programs. The We Level Up treatment center network delivers recovery programs that vary by each treatment facility. Call to learn more.
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Muscle Relaxers Names, Cyclobenzaprine, Soma, Baclofen, their Side Effects, Types & Risks Video
Top Muscle Relaxer Names, Cyclobenzaprine, Soma, Baclofen, their Side Effects, Types & Risks Video Script
Welcome to the We Level Up treatment center video series. In today’s video, we will discuss Muscle Relaxers Names, Cyclobenzaprine, Soma, and Baclofen, their Side Effects, Types & Risks.
What are muscle relaxants? A muscle relaxant is a medication that relieves muscle spasms, stiffness, or tightness.
Popular Muscle Relaxer Names and Brands
Prescribed muscle relaxers’ names include Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine), Skelaxin (metaxalone), Robaxin (methocarbamol), Soma (carisoprodol), and Zanaflex (tizanidine). Baclofen, Carisoprodol, and Cyclobenzaprine are the most commonly prescribed muscle relaxer medications. Talking to your doctor before taking any of them is crucial, as each has different potential side effects and interactions.
Muscle Relaxant Uses
When blood alcohol level pain and muscle spasms produce significant muscle pain and suffering, doctors may prescribe muscle relaxants or muscle relaxers. Muscle spasms are uncontrollable contractions of one or more of your muscles that cause cramping or twitching. It can happen for some causes and occasionally be excruciatingly painful. The constitution, chemical makeup, and cerebral actions of prescription medications used as muscle relaxants can vary.
Muscle relaxants typically have sedative effects or stop the nerves from transmitting pain signals to the brain by acting as central nervous system (CNS) depressants. The results usually last between 4-6 hours, with a rapid beginning of the action.
Muscle relaxants carry the same abuse and addiction risks as other prescription medications. The National Center for Biotechnology Information has identified centrally-acting muscle relaxants as potentially misused medication.
Muscle relaxants addiction can be effectively treated using a variety of methods. Encourage your friend or loved one to discuss using alcohol treatment programs, drug abuse treatment, relapse prevention, or support groups as part of their recovery with their doctor or a treatment counselor.
Over The Counter Muscle Relaxer Names
Over the counter muscle relaxers include ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen, and topical creams like Icy Hot. Additionally, magnesium supplements can also be taken to promote muscle relaxation.
Currently, there are no recommended “over the counter muscle relaxers” available in the U.S., but some OTC medications can have muscle-relaxing effects. Many people are searching for “muscle relaxers over the counter” or “otc muscle relaxers,” but the common muscle relaxers are ideally prescribed for acute rather than chronic pain. Anyone experiencing pain and muscle spasms should see a doctor who may recommend or prescribe a muscle relaxant. The potential consequences of muscle relaxants must be understood. There are numerous brands of prescription muscle relaxants available.
Proper Use of Over The Counter Muscle Relaxant
While over-the-counter muscle relaxers exist, they may not be appropriate for all muscle conditions. Any muscle relaxant should be discussed with a physician or pharmacist before consumption.
Although skeletal muscle relaxants are occasionally the primary muscle relaxer abused, they are commonly used combined with other central nervous system depressants, such as opioids or alcohol. The direct toxic effects include unconsciousness and respiratory depression.
It’s essential to understand what prescription drugs like muscle relaxers are and how they work to recognize their signs of addiction, even though other drugs like heroin and meth receive the most attention regarding drug abuse and addiction. Muscle relaxers have the potential to become a user’s preferred substance, if not their only drug of choice.
Some people have been known to utilize alcohol as a muscle relaxant. However, doctors advise against this due to the possibility of psychological and physical dependence on alcohol’s effects. Additionally, alcohol can be quite hazardous in higher doses, even though it may have nice, calming effects in smaller doses.
Alcohol with a wide variety of drugs can interact badly. Even moderate alcohol consumption, according to the University of Oklahoma experts, can impair your body’s capacity to metabolize pharmaceuticals or increase the effects of some prescription prescriptions. Medication interactions frequently lead to extreme sleepiness and liver issues. Antibiotics, antidepressants, painkillers, antihistamines, barbiturates, opioids, and muscle relaxants are drug classes that interact with alcohol.
What Do Muscle Relaxers Do?
Muscles come in two varieties. Smooth and striated muscles. Chemicals inside muscle fibers cause muscle contraction. An involuntary muscular contraction known as a muscle spasm can be excruciating and uncomfortable. Muscle contractions occur when it is deficient in several nutrients. Numerous factors, including exhaustion, overuse, diabetes, exposure to extreme heat, kidney illness, and more, can lead to muscle nutrient deficiencies. Muscle relaxants reduce muscle tension or stiffness, lessening discomfort and agony. While some muscle relaxants work directly on the muscles, others focus on the central nervous system.
Muscle relaxants pills shouldn’t be shared, abused, or misused like any other prescription drug.
Can You Overdose on Muscle Relaxers Pills
Dosing on prescribed muscle relaxers pills, including some OTC muscle relaxers, is possible. For example, taking more than recommended ibuprofen or acetaminophen can lead to overdose symptoms. It is essential to follow the instructions on the label or the advice of a medical professional to avoid any overdoses or adverse reactions.
Overdosing on muscle relaxants or taking them more frequently than recommended can be extremely risky and result in addiction. Antihistamines and alcohol should never be taken with muscle relaxants. Despite the seriousness of muscle relaxer side effects, someone who has grown reliant on the medicine may find it challenging to stop using it.
Are Muscle Relaxants Addictive?
Are you wondering, “are muscle relaxants addictive?” Yes, some people can become addicted to muscle relaxants. You run a higher risk of developing an addiction if you take them without a prescription or in higher doses than your doctor has advised. Since they have not been proven effective for muscle spasms for longer than three weeks, recommendations typically limit the usage of these medications to that time frame. They may have harmful side effects like overdosing, addiction, dependence, falls, fractures, and car accidents.
Even though they are typically thought of as being less addictive than other classes of medicines, such as opioids, some muscle relaxants have the potential to be abused and can lead to dependence. Even though most people do not consider muscle relaxants to be very addictive, prolonged usage of these drugs might result in physical dependence. In other words, if a person abruptly stops taking medicine, they can have withdrawal symptoms like tremors, anxiety, and insomnia.
It’s critical to follow a doctor’s instructions when using muscle relaxants and to be mindful of the risk of abuse and dependence. It’s a good idea to talk to your healthcare professional about your worries if you use muscle relaxants and worry about addiction. They can assist you in choosing the most appropriate course of action for your needs.
Warning: Muscle Relaxant Abuse Can Be Deadly
Abuse and addiction are possible with muscle relaxants. Additionally, prolonged and frequent usage might result in a higher tolerance and physical reliance. Because of this, doctors should only prescribe muscle relaxants for a short period, for no more than two to three weeks.
Unfortunately, many people use muscle relaxants alone or with other illegal substances for non-medical purposes, such as to induce or heighten euphoria and dissociation.
According to the U.S. Substance Enforcement Administration, Carisoprodol, marketed under Soma, is one of the most frequently diverted and abused medications. It is classified as a Schedule IV drug.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises against consuming alcohol, other medicines, or muscle relaxants like Soma or Flexeril. Abuse of muscle relaxants poses considerable risks, including a higher chance of overdose, which can result in seizures, hallucinations, coma, and death.
The Different Types of Muscle Relaxants
Abuse of muscle relaxants can have a variety of adverse effects, such as withdrawal, behavioral problems, and seizures. Early detection and understanding of these indicators of addiction are crucial because continued usage might exacerbate adverse effects.
Drugs that relax the muscles affect the central nervous system’s ability to send spasmodic signals and the activity of muscle cells. These chemical reactions cause muscular tissue to relax and, in some instances, cause paralysis.
The three most commonly used muscle relaxers are Baclofen, Carisoprodol, and Cyclobenzaprine. They act differently and have different side effects, so it’s essential to consult your doctor before taking any of them. Other muscle relaxers include Tizanidine and Orphenadrine.
What are Over The Counter Muscle Relaxants?
An OTC muscle relaxer does not require a prescription, but it may bear the same risks as a prescription muscle relaxer. There are no over-the-counter muscle relaxers apart from a handful of topical preparations. In the case of the absence of OTC muscle relaxers, there are other typically recommended first-line treatment OTC drugs such as NSAIDs or other painkillers. For now, topical muscle relaxants are among the best muscle relaxers over the counter.
What are Cannabis Muscle Relaxers?
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound in marijuana that gives users a euphoric high, may also have a soothing effect on their muscles, according to studies.
Research on cannabis’ therapeutic advantages is limited because growing, supplying, and possessing the drug in many locations is still illegal. Therefore, more investigation is needed to discover whether cannabis or its substances can lessen muscle spasticity or spasms.
How Long Do Muscle Relaxers Stay In Your System?
Muscle relaxants have calming effects or stop your nerves from transmitting pain signals to your brain. They also work as central nervous system depressants. The results usually last four to six hours, with a quick beginning of the action. The time it takes for muscle relaxers to exit your system depends on your drug. It’s generally around 24-48 hours after your last dose. However, it can vary depending on the dosage, timing, and whether you have any underlying medical conditions. It’s important to follow your doctor’s directions regarding any medication.
Can You Overdose On Muscle Relaxers?
Muscle relaxant overdose symptoms can occur if the person takes a higher dose than prescribed. Other factors that can increase one’s risk of a muscle relaxer overdose include increased tolerance, age, gender, polysubstance, and recreational use.
Symptoms of an overdose vary depending on the muscle relaxer drug but can generally include drowsiness, confusion, agitated behavior, nausea, and unconsciousness. If you believe you have overdosed on a muscle relaxer, seeking medical attention immediately is essential.
What Are The Side Effects Of Muscle Relaxers?
In contrast to chronic pain, muscle relaxants are best indicated for acute pain. They might be an alternative if the pain keeps you from obtaining enough rest. Muscle relaxants can aid sleep when used at night because they make you drowsy. The most typical side effects are as follows:
o Tiredness, drowsiness, or sedation effect
o Fatigue or weakness
o Dry mouth
o Decreased blood pressure
Warnings for Prescription Muscle Relaxers Names
Two muscle relaxants with a history of habit-building are carisoprodol and diazepam. Take care to follow your doctor’s instructions for taking your prescription medication.
Muscle relaxants can also cause seizures and hallucinations or the sensation of things that are not real, known as withdrawal symptoms. If you’ve been taking your muscle relaxer prescription for a while, avoid discontinuing it suddenly.
Additionally, muscle relaxants decrease your central nervous system activity, making it harder to focus or retain consciousness. Avoid activities requiring concentration or coordination, including operating heavy machinery or a vehicle if using a muscle relaxant.
Muscle Relaxers Addiction Treatment
There are a variety of treatments available for muscle relaxer addiction. These include individual or group counseling, antidepressants and anxiety medications to help manage withdrawal symptoms, and alternative therapies like yoga and acupuncture. If you are struggling with muscle relaxer addiction, seeking professional help is vital to get the proper treatment.
That’s it for today. If you like our video, please let us know. Have a great day.
Search For We Level Up NJ Muscle Relaxers & Other Resources
 Elder NC. Abuse of skeletal muscle relaxants. Am Fam Physician. 1991 Oct;44(4):1223-6. PMID: 1927837. – https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1927837/
 Soma Fast Facts – https://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs10/10913/10913p.pdf – Drug Enforcement Administration
 Prevent Opioid Misuse – https://www.cdc.gov/opioids/patients/prevent-misuse.html – Centers for Disease Control and Administration
 Tizanidine – https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a601121.html – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health
 We Level Up – Prescription Drug Abuse
Baclofen [package insert]. (2016). Philadelphia, PA: Lannett Co, Inc.
Bordoni B, et al. (2022). Muscle cramps.
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Cashin AG, et al. (2021). Efficacy, acceptability, and safety of muscle relaxants for adults with non-specific low back pain: Systematic review and meta-analysis.