Is Modafinil a Controlled Substance? Uses, Side-Effects & Addiction. What is Provigil? Is Modafinil Addictive?

Is Modafinil a Controlled Substance? In this post, we’ll go into whether or not Modafinil is a restricted substance, as well as its uses, Side-effects, and its potential for abuse.

Is Modafinil a Controlled Substance?

Modafinil is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance in the United States. This classification indicates that it has a recognized potential for abuse but is available by prescription.

What is Provigil (Modafinil)?

Modafinil is a prescription stimulant primarily used to manage conditions like narcolepsy and shift work sleep disorder, often prescribed under Provigil. However, it has also gained popularity in nonmedical settings and is readily available online without a prescription. While modafinil differs from amphetamines like Adderall and Ritalin, it produces similar effects.

These stimulants influence neurotransmitter activity in the brain, resulting in heightened focus, reduced appetite, and decreased need for sleep among users. In particular, such drugs have received attention due to portrayals in movies like the 2011 film “Limitless,” where a fictional pill promises extraordinary cognitive abilities and success. Although the NZT 48 pill in the movie is pure fiction, some individuals, particularly students seeking academic enhancement, have been lured by claims that modafinil can serve as a study aid to improve their grades.

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Modafinil Side Effects

Like most prescription medications, modafinil is associated with various side effects. One of its most notable effects is its impact on sleep, as it can reduce the need for sleep, making it appealing to students seeking study aid.

If your child displays one or more of these symptoms in conjunction with other signs of potential drug misuse, they might be using modafinil:

  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
  • Dizziness.
  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth.
  • Nosebleeds.
  • Muscular tightness or discomfort that may hinder movement.
  • Burning, tingling, or numbness of the skin.
  • Gastrointestinal issues such as gas, diarrhea, or constipation.
  • Reduced appetite.
  • Vision difficulties or eye pain.

In addition to these, modafinil can also lead to more severe side effects, including:

  • Development of blisters.
  • Skin peeling.
  • Formation of mouth sores.
  • Breathing difficulties or swallowing problems.
  • Hallucinations.
  • Chest pain.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • The face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, or limbs are swelling.
  • Suicidal thoughts.

Furthermore, clinical trials have revealed instances where pediatric patients developed rare and life-threatening skin conditions, such as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, while taking modafinil. Due to these potential risks, modafinil is not recommended for children.

One significant danger of using prescription medications without medical supervision is the lack of oversight. When someone with a modafinil prescription experiences side effects, their doctor can adjust the dosage or recommend alternatives to mitigate these risks. However, individuals who misuse the drug may not have access to such guidance, increasing the likelihood of experiencing side effects severe enough to require hospitalization.

What Are Bath Salts The Drugs Effects?

The effects of bath salts as drugs can vary widely depending on the specific compound used, the dosage, and an individual’s unique response. However, some common effects associated with bath salts typically include:

  • Euphoria: Bath salts often induce a sense of extreme happiness and well-being, leading to euphoria.
  • Increased Energy: Users often experience heightened energy levels, increased alertness, and a sense of being more awake and active.
  • Stimulation: These drugs can lead to increased physical and mental stimulation, similar to the effects of amphetamines.
  • Reduced Appetite: Bath salts can suppress appetite, leading to decreased feelings of hunger.
  • Improved Concentration: Some users report improved focus and concentration while under the influence of bath salts.
  • Increased Sociability: Bath salts can make users more talkative, sociable, and extroverted.
  • Enhanced Sensory Perception: Users may perceive their senses, such as touch and vision, as heightened or intensified.
  • Increased Heart Rate: One of the dangerous effects of bath salts is a significant increase in heart rate (tachycardia), which can be harmful, especially for individuals with heart conditions.
  • Hallucinations: In some cases, bath salts can induce hallucinations, which are often unpredictable and distressing.
  • Agitation and Anxiety: Users may experience heightened anxiety, restlessness, and agitation.
  • Paranoia: Bath salts can lead to paranoid thoughts and behaviors, causing users to become suspicious or fearful.
  • Psychosis: In severe cases, prolonged use of bath salts can result in psychosis, characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and a loss of touch with reality.

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Modafinil Fact Sheet

Modafinil Controlled Substance Overview

Modafinil is a medication classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance in the United States. It is primarily prescribed to treat narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, and obstructive sleep apnea. Modafinil is known by brand names such as Provigil and Alertec.

Appearance: Modafinil is available in tablet form and typically comes in various dosages, including 100mg and 200mg tablets.

Street Names: Modafinil may not have widely recognized street names, but it is sometimes informally referred to as “Moda” or “Smart Drug” among individuals who use it nonmedically.

Effects: When used as prescribed, Modafinil promotes wakefulness and alertness. It is not intended for recreational use. Nonmedical use of Modafinil can lead to increased wakefulness, reduced appetite, and enhanced focus.


  • Modafinil should only be taken under the guidance of a medical professional.
  • Potential side effects include headache, dizziness, and gastrointestinal issues.
  • Misuse or abuse of Modafinil may result in serious health risks and legal consequences.

Modafinil is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance in the United States, indicating a recognized potential for abuse. Its use without a prescription is illegal.

Addiction Potential: While Modafinil is not considered highly addictive, misuse or dependence is possible, particularly among individuals who use it for nonmedical purposes.

Availability: Modafinil is available only by prescription in most countries. Its distribution and use without a valid medical reason are subject to legal restrictions.

Common Forms of Misuse:

  • Using Modafinil as a cognitive enhancer or study aid without a prescription.
  • Obtaining Modafinil through illicit online sources.
  • Combining Modafinil with other substances for recreational purposes.

Provigil Medication

Individuals struggling with Modafinil misuse or dependence should seek professional help. Treatment may involve medical detox, therapy, and counseling to address underlying issues.

Modafinil Statistics

Modafinil, a prescription medication primarily used for sleep disorders like narcolepsy, has seen notable trends and statistics. In the United States, approximately 2.2 million prescriptions for Modafinil were issued in 2019. However, significant off-label drug use has emerged among students and professionals seeking cognitive enhancement and fatigue management.

One study estimated that up to 25% of students at certain U.S. universities had used Modafinil for cognitive enhancement. The online availability of Modafinil without a prescription has contributed to its widespread use, with millions of pills sold annually, a substantial portion of which are purchased by U.S. consumers.

2.2 million

In the United States, approximately 2.2 million prescriptions for Modafinil were written in 2019.

Source: AAPCC

25% of Students

Estimated that up to 25% of students at some universities in the United States had used Modafinil off-label for cognitive enhancement.

Source: American Journal of Addictions

Millions of Pills

Modafinil is available for purchase online without a prescription from various sources. It’s estimated that millions of Modafinil pills are sold online each year, with a significant portion going to customers in the United States.

Source: American Journal of Addictions

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Is Modafinil Addictive?

Modafinil has a lower potential for addiction and abuse than traditional stimulant drugs like amphetamines. However, it is not entirely devoid of addiction risk. While it is less likely to lead to physical dependence, psychological dependence can still occur, especially among individuals who misuse or abuse the drug.

Factors Influencing the Risk of Modafinil Addiction/Dependence:

  • Dosage and Frequency: Using Modafinil at higher doses or more frequently than prescribed can increase the risk of dependence.
  • Duration of Use: Long-term use of Modafinil may heighten the potential for psychological dependence.
  • Individual Susceptibility: Some individuals may be more predisposed to developing dependence due to genetic, psychological, or behavioral factors.
  • Underlying Mental Health Conditions: Co-occurring mental health issues, such as substance use or anxiety disorders, can elevate the risk of misuse and dependency.
  • Motivation for Use: Non-medical or recreational use of Modafinil is associated with a higher likelihood of developing dependence.
  • Withdrawal Symptoms: Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not using Modafinil, such as fatigue or mood changes, can indicate the beginnings of dependence.
  • Tolerance: Developing tolerance, where higher doses are needed to achieve the same effects, can be an early sign of dependence.
  • Peer Influence: Social factors and pressure from peers may contribute to non-prescribed use and potential dependency.
  • Availability: Easy access to Modafinil without a prescription can increase the likelihood of misuse and subsequent dependence.
  • Lack of Professional Oversight: Modafinil without medical supervision reduces the chances of appropriate dosage adjustments and monitoring, increasing the risk of misuse.

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Contact We Level Up NJ today for treatment resources and options if you or a loved one is struggling with Bath salt drug side effects and withdrawal symptoms.
Is Modafinil a Controlled Substance? Contact We Level Up NJ today for treatment resources and options if you or a loved one is struggling with Bath salt drug side effects and withdrawal symptoms.

What Are the Withdrawal Symptoms of Modafinil?

Withdrawal symptoms associated with Modafinil can vary in severity and duration, and they typically occur when someone who has been using the medication consistently stops taking it. Common withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue: Individuals may experience extreme tiredness or excessive sleepiness without the medication.
  • Mood Changes: Mood swings, irritability, anxiety, and depression are possible during withdrawal.
  • Difficulty Concentrating: Difficulty focusing and maintaining attention may occur.
  • Increased Appetite: Some people may notice increased appetite and food cravings.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Sleep patterns may become disrupted, leading to insomnia or excessive sleep.
  • Vivid Dreams: Intense and vivid dreams are a reported withdrawal symptom.
  • Headaches: Headaches or migraines may occur during withdrawal.
  • Muscle Aches: Some individuals may experience muscle pain or discomfort.
  • Nausea: Nausea and gastrointestinal discomfort can be part of withdrawal.
  • Cravings: A desire to resume Modafinil use to alleviate withdrawal symptoms.

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At We Level Up, we understand the profound impact of addiction and are dedicated to providing comprehensive treatment and support for individuals seeking recovery from dependence. Our addiction treatment program is meticulously designed to address the unique challenges posed by this medication.

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  • Personalized Care: We recognize that each individual’s journey to recovery is unique. Our treatment plans are customized to meet each person’s needs and goals.
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  1. Is Provigil a controlled substance? Is modafinil controlled substance?

    It is a prescription medication due to its potential for abuse and dependence but is less restricted than substances classified under Schedule I-III.

  2. Why is modafinil a controlled substance?

    Modafinil is classified as a controlled substance because it has the potential for abuse and dependence, although the risk is relatively lower compared to substances in higher schedules. Its regulation ensures safe and controlled use while minimizing the risk of misuse or addiction.

Denial is a huge part of the disease of addiction.” Examples of Denial In Addiction/Substance Abuse

“I don’t use it every day. I’m not even sick. I’m not even experiencing withdrawal symptoms. I’m still successful. I still have money in the bank. I still have my family in my life. I still love my house. These are all common examples of the denial that we experience through the disease of addiction. Denial is a huge part of the disease of addiction, and the way that we get our clients to realize that they are addicts and alcoholics is through the assignment.

The goodbye letter shows the patterns of the behaviors they display when they see the consequences of their actions. Whether they want to realize them or not, it becomes real when they write it down. When they speak those words to us, it becomes natural to them. It’s a pen and paper. It’s their words that they’re reading back to themselves.

They can see the disease has power over their lives, and they can no longer say that I’m not an addict. I’m not an alcoholic, and there’s power in that, and there’s a breakthrough.”

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